CandidiasisCandida yeast is a type of fungus found in small amounts in different parts of the body. However, there are some instances when environmental factors, such as humid weather, underlying health conditions and antibiotic use, may all cause candida fungus to overgrow in one area. This overgrowth is known as candidiasis.

What are the Different Candidiasis Types?

Depending on the areas affected by the fungal infection, overgrowth of candida yeast has different types, notes

  • Oral candidiasis – Also called as thrush, this type of candidiasis affects the mouth or throat. Symptoms of oral candidiasis include soreness, loss of taste, and white lesions in the tongue, gums, tonsils, inner cheeks, and palate.
  • Vaginal yeast infection – Symptoms of vaginal yeast infection include irritation of the vulva, painful urination and sexual intercourse, and odorless vaginal discharge that is thick and white.
  • Candidemia – Occurs when the infection reaches the bloodstream. The infection may reach other parts of the body, such as the liver and the kidneys, and fatal when left untreated.
  • Candidal keratitis – Overgrowth in the eye. Candida keratitis is accompanied by symptoms of photosensitivity, blurring, eye redness, pain and tearing.
  • Intestinal candidiasis – Overgrowth in the gastrointestinal tract. Common symptoms of intestinal candidiasis are bloating, rectal itching, constipation, intestinal cramps, and alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea.
Who’s At Risk?

While virtually everyone is at risk of candidiasis, immunocompromised individuals are the most vulnerable in developing this condition. Medications, such as corticosteroids and antibiotics, may halt the body from neutralizing candida overgrowth. Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as the elderly, the children, and those with chronic health conditions are also at highest risk of candidiasis.

Visiting your doctor right away could provide you the accurate diagnosis and prompt medical attention to prevent complications if you suspect you are afflicted with candidiasis. Furthermore, keeping yourself healthy through proper hygiene, balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle can keep candidiasis at bay.

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